Oil on canvas, 92 x cm. Dordrecht Museum, Dordrecht Maids, who were considered a sort of necessary evil, enjoyed the dubious privilege of being the subject of popular literature and plays.
Ter Borch was one of the most accomplished painters of seventeenth-century Holland, enjoying a considerable reputation in his own day. In the s he adopted a new pictorial type, the full-length portrait, and he contributed to the development of a new genre type, showing simplified interiors with a few figures in an upright format.
This composition became an important format for the second half of the s. These compositions are characterized by great refinement in the handling of color, light, and texture and also by a subtle psychological interplay.
Ter Borch's father had been an artist and had visited Rome but from was employed as a tax collector. Surviving drawings made by the young Ter Borch in and are proudly inscribed and dated by his father. After a stay in Madrid he finally returned to his own country at the end ofand in he settled in Deventer.
Ter Borch's works consist almost equally of portraits and genre pieces.
His characteristically delicate technique can be appreciated in the portraits, which are painted on a small, almost miniature scale, though many of them are full-length. In color they tend to be subdued, due largely to the sober costume of the times, but by subtlety of tonal gradations and mastery in rendering diverse surface textures he was able to achieve an extraordinary richness of effect.
Particularly characteristic is his manner of rendering satin. His superb color sense appears to greater advantage in genre subjects, though it is always employed with masterly restraint. In his earlier years he painted many guardroom subjects in the manner of Pieter Codde and Willem Duyster, but later, from about the time when he finally settled in Holland, he painted calm, exquisitely drawn groups, posed easily and naturally against shadowy backgrounds and imbued with an almost aristocratic elegance that is unique among Dutch painters of his time.
Alejandro Vergara Gerrit ter Borch — is an important precedent not just for Van Mieris but also for Vermeer and the other artists who specialized in painting domestic interiors from the mid-seventeenth century. The representation of space in his works, his interest in textures and effects of light and shade all represent a clear step forward in the development of the genre.
Ter Borch was born in Zwolle and must have trained with his father, Gerrit ter Borch the Elder, known as a poet and topographical draughtsman. In he moved to Haarlem where he studied with the landscape artist Pieter Molijn and entered the painters' guild.
During the next 15 years of his life, he travelled in England, Germany, France and possibly Spain. In Ter Borch moved to Deventer, where he lived until his death. His focus on interior painting dates fromwhen he began to paint small-scale works of vertical format which represent elegantly dressed figures.
In these paintings, Ter Borch demonstrates his skill in reproducing the textures of the different materials, above all satin, and his ability to focus the viewer's attention on the psychology of his sitters, although in contrast to Vermeer this is a psychology linked to the specific situation which the picture narrates.
His paintings of interiors usually feature women in contemplative poses whose beauty and elegance makes them seem like objects that are desirable but also unobtainable, following the model established in the poetry of Petrarch — which was then very much in vogue in Holland.
Ter Borch is a mainly a painter of groups of figures rather than of spaces, and in this he differs from Vermeer and above all De Hooch. He is noted for being primarily responsible for introducing a level of sensuality and refinement into interior painting around which was not previously evident and which influenced the naturalism of Vermeer, Gabriel Metsu and above all the most faithful disciple of his style, Caspar Netscher —a painter of German origins who worked with Ter Borch in Deventer around the year and again in — Museo Nacional de Madrid,Woman reading a letter (Woman in Blue Reading a Letter) Johannes Vermeer • A lady writing Johannes Vermeer • Girl Reading a Letter at an Open Window Johannes Vermeer • Period: Baroque.
Bert Christensen's Cyberspace Home. Alphabetical List of Artists on this Site.
A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z. The large, ebony-framed painting represents a Finding of Moses attributed to Peter Lely, who was trained in Haarlem with Pieter de Grebber and who is known to have painted religious works in .
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Masterpieces such as Vermeer's Girl with a Pearl Earring, The Anatomy Lesson of Dr.
Nicolaes Tulp by Rembrandt, The . Gerard ter Borch - A Woman Washing her Hands. c. , 53 x 43 cm., oil on panel, Gemäldegalerie Alte Meister, Dresden. Gerard Ter Borch oil painting: Woman Writing A Letter Museum quality reproduction of "Woman Writing A Letter".
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