See Article History Modernity, the self-definition of a generation about its own technological innovationgovernance, and socioeconomics.
Since the term "Modern" is used to describe a wide range of periods, modernity must be taken in context. The topic of "Modernity: Its Nature and the Causes of Its Growth" has produced hundreds of books with more to come. Although "What is Modernity? If one were to ask a cultural anthropologist from a far off planet to characterize the twentieth century, three interrelated features would surely be mentioned: The alien cultural anthropologist would observe that more homo sapiens live a better life, by almost any set of indices, than at any other time in recorded history.
There is, in short, little doubt of our success in physically thriving as a species on the planet earth. Some no doubt might believe that our success will lead to a lemming- like future of self-destruction. On the political level, there would be other equally obvious features: As other signs of modernity, one could cite the separation of church from state, of power from authority, of individual from society, and of reason from revelation.
The recitation of these twentieth- century features would not surprise the nineteenth century Mill or Marx. Mill, to be sure, would have some difficulties grasping the idea of a mass political movement. Both Marx and Mill were advocates of the value of science and technological change, and both were advocates of administration as the key to progress and successful rule.
Indeed, most intellectuals of that age would have agreed with them. Still, there were others who would recognize these very signs of modernity but would warn about the potential loss of self and liberty, of community, and of religion.
As the citation of Mill and Marx implies, there has been a general recognition of the existence of a modem era and a recognition shared among quite different thinkers. Thus, the surface characteristics cited above are not problematic.
The difficulties occur in two areas. First, there has historically been a fundamental difference among thinkers with respect to the evaluation of modernity.
Marx and Mill mainly praise; Burckhardt and Nietzsche would primarily lament.
Second, there is little commonality in answering the question of the causes of its growth. In order to examine these two areas, it is necessary to begin by looking at the philosophic themes of the preceding centuries.
I Hundreds of books have been written on the mix of factors that lead to and constitute the close of the middle ages and the eruption of the Renaissance and Modernity.
Philosophically, Descartes is an obviously place to begin. His influence merits his title as the founder of modem philosophy. Most importantly, he altered our views of reason and knowledge.
Most thinkers of the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries, accordingly, would credit the new understanding of reason and knowledge as the source of the critical break with the past.
It is a well-known story. Reason becomes epitomized by mathematics and geometry; knowledge is applied to only what can be gained through a reliable method and held with certainty.
Here the rational and autonomous individual stands free of authority and tradition. Liberal rationalism, as it came to be called, was born, and it clearly nurtured the liberal political philosophers of the next three centuries: Hobbes, Locke, Bentham, and Mill.
The assumptions and methods of the previously dominant Aristotelian Scholastic tradition are mistaken and must be fundamentally revised or supplanted before genuine "natural philosophy" can be possible. The human understanding, guided by the "natural light" of reason, can be and should be autonomous.
Moreover, it constitutes the norm and the means by reference to which all else is to be measured. It is possible and necessary to begin the search for knowledge with a clean state.
It is possible and necessary to base knowledge claims on a clear and distinct, indubitable, self-evident foundation. This foundation is to be composed of simple, unambiguous ideas or perceptions. The appropriate formal standards for all human knowledge are those of the mathematical modes of inquiry.Throughout the nineteenth and twentieth centuries, artists moved toward modernity, abandoning traditions of their own culture for radical new ideas.
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Modernity definition, the quality of being modern. See more. Jul 09, · Modernity, in one school of thought, begins around (the invention of the printing press is sometimes used as a start date).
Some folks, however, will differentiate between an Early Modern Era (which ends around ) and Modernity. Broadcasting Modernity tells the story of this acquisition and the first decade of use, as government officials, producers, and advertisers struggled to define and control the increasingly popular medium.
Modernity: Modernity, the self-definition of a generation about its own technological innovation, governance, and socioeconomics. To participate in modernity was to conceive of one’s society as engaging in organizational and knowledge advances that make one’s immediate predecessors appear antiquated or, at.
Modernity, a topic in the humanities and social sciences, is both a historical period (the modern era), as well as the ensemble of particular socio-cultural norms, attitudes and practices that arose in the wake of the Renaissance—in the "Age of Reason" of 17th-century thought and the 18th-century "Enlightenment".