Cats have minimal ability to sweat, with glands located primarily in their paw pads,  and pant for heat relief only at very high temperatures  but may also pant when stressed. A cat's body temperature does not vary throughout the day; this is part of cats' general lack of circadian rhythms and may reflect their tendency to be active both during the day and at night.
References One of the most significant developments in the field of organization in recent times is the increasing importance given to human resources.
More and more attention is being paid to motivational aspects of human personality, particularly the need for self-esteem, group belonging, and self-actualization. This new awakening of humanism and humanization all over the world has in fact enlarged the scope of applying principles of human resource management in organizations.
Extension organizations in developing countries face the major problems of professional incompetence and lack of motivation among their employees.
Further, many of the agricultural extension departments of these countries do not have a well-defined system of human resource management. Proper planning and management of human resources within extension organizations is essential to increase the capabilities, motivation, and overall effectiveness of extension personnel.
Keeping this in view, this chapter discusses the various dimensions of human resource management as applicable to extension organizations: Human resource planning for extension Human resource planning forecasts the future personnel needs of extension organizations.
With the rapid changes in technology, needs of farmers, market situation, and competitive environment, planning for human resources has become an important, challenging task for extension.
Human resource forecasting and human resource audit are the two most important components of this type of planning. Human resource forecasting refers to predicting an organization's future demand for number, type, and quality of various categories of employees.
The assessment of future needs has to be based on analysis of present and future policies and growth trends. The techniques of forecasting include the formal expert survey, Delphi technique, statistical analysis, budget and planning analysis, and computer models.
Job analysis Job analysis traditionally was done for purposes connected with recruitment, pay, administration, and supervision. But the increasing complexity of work has made job analysis an important instrument for developing people in organizations. Job analysis requires a systematic collection, evaluation, and organization of information about the job.
This information is collected through interviews, mailed questionnaires, observation, study of records, and similar methods.
The collected information becomes a basis for preparing job descriptions and specifications. The job description, or job profile, is a written statement which includes detailed specifications of duties to be performed, responsibilities, and working conditions and indicates what is expected of a job holder.
Extension organizations in developing countries do not have clearly defined job descriptions or job specifications for extension personnel. The training and visit system of extension considerably improved the preparation of job charts, work plans, and time-bound work for different categories of extension personnel.
However, the actual utility of job descriptions in extension organizations is complicated by factors such as work overload, seasonality of extension, the range of cropping systems, and distribution of extension service over a large area Hayward, This shows that job analysis is needed to improve the performance and effectiveness of extension employees.
Job analysis can more effectively contribute towards the development of extension personnel by adopting the following procedures which involve identifying key performance areas KPAs and critical attributes.
Key Performance Areas for Various Categories of Extension Personnel A job description consists of many details, but does not specify key areas which need attention. Further, it gives the details of what is expected from the current jobholder.
The identification of key performance areas helps in role clarity as well as in delegation of functions.SIGCHI is the world's largest association of professionals who work in the research and practice of computer-human interaction.
What brings us together is a shared understanding that designing useful and usable technology is an interdisciplinary process, and when done properly it has the power to transform persons' lives.
The longest study of human development, the ongoing Grant Study is a decades-long project that began following the lives of Harvard University men selected in – among them President John F.
The relationship aspect of communication is usually explicit in a person's verbal messages. According to the textbook, an important aspect of a successful group is having a sense of belonging among its members.
When partners define their lives less as a couple and more as individuals, they are in the stagnation stage of relational de. ECT (electroconvulsive therapy, shock treatment, electroshock) involves the application of two electrodes to the head to pass electricity through the brain with the goal of causing an intense seizure or convulsion.
Communication helps to spread knowledge and information among people.
Moreover, communication is the foundation of all human relationship. At first, strangers start talking and getting to know each other, and then the relationships are formed when they have more interaction and communication.
Book reviews and excerpts about brain anatomy, neurobiology of human behavior, innate behavior, OCD neurocircuitry, effects of stress, attachment theory, family systems theory, ethology, and epigentics.