Odysseus Odysseus In Greek mythology, Odysseus was a celebrated hero, best known for his role in the Trojan Warf and for his ten-year journey home after the war.
See Article History Alternative Titles: According to Homer, Odysseus was king of Ithacason of Laertes and Anticleia the daughter of Autolycus of Parnassusand father, by his wife, Penelopeof Telemachus. In later tradition, Odysseus was instead the son of Sisyphus and fathered sons by CirceCalypsoand others.
Odysseus; TiresiasOdysseus, seated between Eurylochus left and Perimedes, consulting the shade of Tiresias. Jastrow Homer portrayed Odysseus as a man of outstanding wisdom and shrewdness, eloquence, resourcefulness, courage, and endurance.
In the Iliad, Odysseus appears as the man best suited to cope with crises in personal relations among the Greeks, and he plays a leading part in achieving the reconciliation between Agamemnon and Achilles. OdysseusOdysseus or Ulysses as portrayed in literature, art, and cinema.
He then encounters the SirensScylla and Charybdisand the Cattle of the Sun, which his companions, despite warnings, plunder for food. He alone survives the ensuing storm and reaches the idyllic island of the nymph Calypso.
Courtesy of the Alte Pinakothek, Munich After almost nine years, Odysseus finally leaves Calypso and at last arrives in Ithaca, where his wife, Penelopeand son, Telemachushave been struggling to maintain their authority during his prolonged absence.
Penelope still does not believe him and gives him one further test. But at last she knows it is he and accepts him as her long-lost husband and the king of Ithaca.
By knowing a particular and secret detail of their household furnishings the construction of their bedOdysseus at last convinces Penelope that he is her husband. In the Odyssey Odysseus has many opportunities to display his talent for ruses and deceptions, but at the same time his courage, loyalty, and magnanimity are constantly attested.
Classical Greek writers presented him sometimes as an unscrupulous politician, sometimes as a wise and honourable statesman. Philosophers usually admired his intelligence and wisdom. The early Christian writers praised him as an example of the wise pilgrim. Dramatists have explored his potentialities as a man of policies, and romanticists have seen him as a Byronic adventurer.
Learn More in these related Britannica articles:In Greek mythology, Odysseus was a celebrated hero, best known for his role in the Trojan Warf and for his ten-year journey home after the war.
Odysseus: King of Ithaca. The Romans identified Odysseus as Ulysses. Odysseus (Ὀδυσσεύς) was the hero of the epic poem, called The Odyssey.. Odysseus was the son of Laërtes (Laertes) and Anticleia, daughter of the thief Autolycus and Mestra.
Other writers say that Sisyphus was his father, who had ravished Anticleia, in revenge for Autolycus stealing his cattles. Odysseus, Epic Hero. What makes Odysseus an epic hero? Odysseus has been one of the most frequently portrayed figures in literature. He has both heroic traits and human weaknesses.
He has defeated a Cyclops, traveled to "The Kingdom of the Dead", and .
The traits of a typical epic hero are strength, loyalty, courage, and intelligence. In fact, the Macmillan Dictionary for Students defines a hero as “one who is admired and looked up to for valor, achievements, and noble qualities” ().
Odysseus fulfills all of the requirements for an epic hero and more. Odysseus (/ oʊ ˈ d ɪ s i ə s, oʊ ˈ d ɪ sj uː s /; Greek: Ὀδυσσεύς, Ὀδυσεύς, Ὀdysseús [odysse͜ús]), also known by the Latin variant Ulysses (US: / juː ˈ l ɪ s iː z /, UK: / ˈ juː l ɪ s iː z /; Latin: Ulyssēs, Ulixēs), is a legendary Greek king of Ithaca and the hero of Homer's epic poem the regardbouddhiste.comus also plays a key role in Homer's Iliad and other.
"Oh Goddess of Inspiration, help me sing of wily Odysseus, that master of schemes!" So Homer begins his epic, though the hero himself is still regardbouddhiste.com are treated to a glimpse of life among the supreme gods on Mount Olympus..
Grey-eyed Athena, the goddess of war, is addressing an assembly headed by Zeus, the king of gods: "Even though we all love Odysseus, he alone of the Greek heroes has.