Megan Erickson Ronald Reagan cast himself as a law and order man, ready to reverse the drug policies of Jimmy Carter, who indeed had pulled back from Nixonian fanaticism. Once in office, Reagan set up the South Florida Task Force to go nose-to-nose with the cocaine barons, whose airplanes had been dropping drug-bundles at sea, where they were picked up by fast boats and whisked ashore.
These are external links and will open in a new window Close share panel Image copyright Getty Images Image caption Most of the violence is attributed to fighting between rival drug gangs Tens of thousands of people have been killed in drug-related violence in Mexico over the past seven years.
Most of the violence is attributed to fighting between rival drug gangs for control of territory and drug shipment routes. Who are these groups and who are they fighting against? Who are the main players? Image copyright Getty Images Image caption The Zetas are one of Mexico's largest cartels, with operations in Central America as well as Mexico Mexico's largest and most powerful drug gangs are the Zetas and the Sinaloa cartel.
The Zetas operate in more than half of Mexico's states and, according to US geopolitical analysis firm Stratfor, overtook their rivals from the Sinaloa cartel in in terms of geographic presence. Stratfor says the Zetas' brutal violence gave the gang an advantage over the Sinaloa cartel, which prefers to bribe people.
However, the Zetas have reportedly been weakened by the loss of their long-time leader Heriberto "El Lazca" Lazcanowho was killed by the Mexican military in Octoberand his replacement, Miguel Angel Trevino, who was arrested in July What do the cartels do?
Image copyright Getty Images Image caption Cartels control much of the heroin, cocaine, methamphetamines and marijuana trades Mexico's cartels control much of the illegal drugs trade from South America to the United States.
They import cocaine from South America and smuggle it on to the US. Some groups grow and smuggle marijuana, while others have specialised in manufacturing methamphetamines, importing precursor drugs from as far away as China.
Most cartels also extort local businesses and bolster their finances through kidnappings for ransom. They have also been involved in people smuggling, prostitution rings, intimidation and murder, Who is fighting whom? Image copyright AFP Image caption Vigilante groups have entered the fray in Mexico, arguing that federal forces cannot protect them Government security forces are fighting the drug cartels in an attempt to re-establish law and order.
Rival cartels are at war with each other in bitter territorial battles.
There is also internecine warfare between cartel members, and the emergence of break-away factions is not unusual. The Zetas, for example, were first created as the enforcement arm of the Gulf cartel, but later turned on their former allies and have been at war with them ever since.
The Knights Templar are an off-shoot of La Familia Michoacana, a cartel that was weakened after the killing of its leader in Allegiances shift, and former rivals sometimes band together to fight emerging groups. Image copyright Reuters Image caption Vigilante groups have emerged in the western states of Guerrero and Michoacan Image copyright AFP Image caption Dressed in their trademark white clothes, they have taken control of a number of villages and towns Vigilante groups made up of civilians who say they are fed up with the lack of action by the security forces emerged in in the western states of Michoacan and Guerrero to fight the Knights Templar.
What has been Mexico's strategy to tackle drug-related violence? Image copyright AFP Image caption The army has been deployed to Michoacan where violence has been on the rise over the past months Before taking up office, President Enrique Pena Nieto said he would break with the approach of Felipe Calderon, his predecessor.
Mr Calderon had deployed the army to go after cartel kingpins and had declared "war" on the drug gangs.
Mr Pena Nieto promised a lower-profile approach aimed at tackling the violence on a local level by setting up a national gendarmerie to take over from the troops. But with growing violence in Michoacan, he too sent the army to back up federal and local police forces.
He also struck a deal with vigilante groups, allowing them to keep their weapons as long as they agreed to be integrated in the official security forces. Where are the worst hit areas?
According to a study by international think tank Institute for Economics and Peacenorthern Mexico continues to be the region worst affected by drug-related violence due to its proximity to the United States, the region's most important market for illicit drugs.
But Guerrero on the Pacific coast and central Morelos state have joined the list of most violent states, suggesting the cartels are extending their area of influence.
· More than , people have been killed or have disappeared since Mexico's government declared war on organised crime in December The regardbouddhiste.com · Mexican drug cartels continue to have extensive influence over broad swaths of the US.
But the exact nature of their links to distributors in those areas is unclear. In many cases, Mexican cartels regardbouddhiste.com ATLANTA, Georgia – Mexico’s war on drugs has been raging for over seven years with devastating results.
Thousands are dead, chaos reigns in the streets, and its citizens live in the fearful shadow of the powerful drug regardbouddhiste.com://regardbouddhiste.com Sep 07, · 15 Killed in Attack on Drug Rehabilitation Center in Mexico.
Drug gangs have been known to use rehab centers to recruit addicts, and rival gangs sometimes assault the centers.
· A drug cartel is any criminal organization with the intention of supplying drug trafficking operations. They range from loosely managed agreements among various drug traffickers to formalized commercial regardbouddhiste.com://regardbouddhiste.com · The expansion of these drug cartels has turned Mexico into the primary foreign source for much of the heroin, methamphetamine consumed in the regardbouddhiste.com /trumps-war-on-drugs-focuses-on-mexican-cartels.