Basic research[ edit ] This research is conducted largely for the enhancement of knowledge, and is research which does not have immediate commercial potential. The research which is done for human welfare, animal welfare and plant kingdom welfare. It is called basic, pure, fundamental research. The main motivation here is to expand man's knowledge, not to create or invent something.
A good research design will obviously describe the strategy to be employed for choosing samples, collecting data, managing costs along with other factors which are important for conducting research. The method you select will influence your results and the way you conclude the findings.
The majority of researchers are curious about getting reliable observations which can help the understanding of a phenomenon. There are different research designs that are utilized in research, all with certain benefits and drawbacks.
Which one the researcher employs, is dependent upon the goals of the study and the nature of the phenomenon. It is dependent on following factors: Exactly what information are you interested in? The objectives of the study. How trustworthy should the information be? Is it ethical to carry out the research?
The expense of the design Is there little or much existing scientific theory and materials on the subject? It is crucial that you select a suitable research design before any research is started. Various types can be classified as: Historical Research Design — The idea is to gather, validate, synthesize evidence to establish facts which defend or oppose your hypothesis.
It makes use of primary sources, secondary sources, and a lot of qualitative data sources for example logs, diaries, official data, reports, and so on. The issue is that the sources need to be both authentic and valid.
It is an in-depth investigation of a specific research problem as opposed to a sweeping statistical survey. It is usually employed to limit a very wide area of research into one or a few easily research-able examples.
The case study research design can also be helpful for testing whether a particular theory and model actually pertains to phenomena in real life.
It is a useful design if not much is known about a phenomenon. Descriptive research includes much government backed research such as the population census, the gathering of a broad range of social indicators and economic information for example household expenditure patterns, time use studies, employment and crime statistics.
The majority of social scientists seek causal explanations which reflect tests of hypotheses. Causal effect takes place when variation in one phenomenon, an independent variable, results in, on average, in variation in another phenomenon, the dependent variable.
A longitudinal study consists of a panel, which is a fixed sample of elements. The elements could be shops, retailers, individuals, or other entities.
The panel, or sample, stays relatively constant over time, despite the fact that members may be added to replace dropouts or to keep it representative.
The sample members in a panel are calculated regularly over time, in contrast with the one-time measurement in a cross-sectional study. Cross-sectional research designs have 3 exclusive features: The cross-sectional design can only measure differences between or from among a number of people, subjects, or phenomena instead of change.
As a result, researchers employing this design can only use a relative passive approach to making causal inferences based on findings. Correlation or Prospective Research Design: It tries to discover relationships to make predictions. It uses one set of subjects with a couple of variables for each.
A cohort study is a research program looking into a specific group with a certain trait, and observes over a period of time.
A few examples of cohorts may be those who have taken a certain medicine, or have a medical problem. There are a couple of general types of observational designs.Selecting the correct type from the different research methods can be a little daunting, at first.
There are so many factors to take into account and evaluate. There are so many factors to take into account and evaluate. Ainsworth’s strange situation was the basis of all researches into different types of attachment and although it is a good basis for the US and UK, other countries have different cultures and different childrearing practices which may produce false results using the same method as Ainsworth.
The objectives of the two types of research and their underlying philosophical assumptions are simply different. However, as discussed in the section on “philosophies guiding research”, this does not mean that the two approaches cannot be used in . In an ideal world, experimental research methods would be used for every type of research, fulfilling all of the requirements of falsifiability and generalization.
However, ethics, time and budget are major factors, so any experimental design must make compromises. As long as a researcher recognizes and evaluates flaws in the design when choosing from different research methods, any of the scientific research .
Types of research methods can be classified into several categories according to the nature and purpose of the study and other attributes. In methodology chapter of your dissertation, you are expected to specify and discuss the type of your research according to the following classifications. Discussing Research Into Different Types of Attachment Essay Sample.
There are quite a few theories on attachment. Each have very different and similar parts to the theory.