Gibbons launched his steamboat venture because of a personal dispute with Ogden, whom he hoped to drive into bankruptcy. To accomplish this, he undercut prices and also brought a landmark legal case — Gibbons v. Ogden — to the United States Supreme Court to overturn the monopoly. There his wife Sophia operated a very profitable inn, using the proceeds to feed, clothe and educate their children.
The progenitor of the Vanderbilt family was Jan Aertszoon or Aertson —a Dutch farmer from the village of De Bilt in UtrechtNetherlandswho emigrated to the Dutch colony of New Netherland as an indentured servant to the Van Kouwenhoven family in The family is associated with the Dutch patrician Van der Bilt.
They were among the earliest arrivals to 17th century New Amsterdam. In a number of documents dating back to this period, Anthony is described as tawny or mulatto,  as his mother was of Berber origin from Cartagena in the Kingdom of Murcia.
Starting with a single boat, he grew his fleet until he was competing with Robert Fulton for dominance of the New York waterways, his energy and eagerness earning him the nickname "Commodore", then the highest rank in the United States Navy. Fulton's company had established a monopoly on trade in and out of New York Harbor.
Vanderbilt, based in New Jersey at the time, flouted the law, steaming in and out of the harbor under a flag that read, "New Jersey Must Be Free! The Vanderbilt family lived on Staten Island until the mids, when the Commodore built a house on Washington Place in what is now Greenwich Village.
Although he always occupied a relatively modest home, members of his family would use their wealth to build magnificent mansions.
The Commodore left the majority of his enormous fortune to his eldest son, William Henry Vanderbilt. William Henry, who outlived his father by just eight years, increased the profitability of his father's holdings, increased the reach of the New York Central Railroadand doubled the Vanderbilt wealth.
He built the first of what would become many grand Vanderbilt mansions on Fifth Avenueat Fifth Avenue. Cornelius II's brother, William Kissam Vanderbiltalso featured prominently in the family's affairs.
He also built a magnificent home on Fifth Avenue and would become one of the great architectural patrons of the Gilded Agehiring the architects for the third, and surviving Grand Central Terminal.
While some of Cornelius Vanderbilt's descendants gained fame in business, others achieved prominence in other ways, e. Alfred's son Alfred Jr. Harold Stirling Vanderbilt — gained fame as a sportsman.
He invented the contract form of bridge and won the most coveted prize in yacht racing, the America's Cupon three occasions. Gloria Vanderbilt is a noted artist, designer and author. Gloria's son, Anderson Cooperis a Peabody Award-winning journalist, author, and television producer and personality.
Family connection chronological listing [ edit ] The following list includes etiquette guru Amy Vanderbilt —although it is believed she descended from either an uncle or brother of Cornelius Vanderbilt and is therefore not a descendant of Cornelius Vanderbilt.
The list also includes Deryck Gray-Vanderbilt[ who?
Vanderbilt's daughter, Rita L. Notable members by birth [ edit ].Industrial/Commercial Leader. Upon his death in , at age 82, Cornelius Vanderbilt, also known as Commodore Vanderbilt, was the wealthiest man in the United States and probably the greatest of the nineteenth century railroad barons.
Cornelius Vanderbilt, byname Commodore Vanderbilt, (born May 27, , Port Richmond, Staten Island, New York, U.S.—died January 4, , New York, New York), American shipping and railroad magnate who acquired a personal fortune of more than $ million.
In , Cornelius Vanderbilt was inducted into the North America Railway Hall of Fame, in the „Railway Workers & Builders: North America“ category, recognizing him for his significant contributions to the railroad industry. cornelius vanderbilt ( ) was the founder of the vanderbilt family and the new york central railroad system.
he was known as the commodore, or commodore cornelius vanderbilt. HE WAS KNOWN AS THE COMMODORE, OR . Watch video · Cornelius Vanderbilt was born on May 27, , on Staten Island, New York, the son of Cornelius and Phebe Hand Vanderbilt. His father instilled in . The Vanderbilt family is an American family of Dutch origin who gained prominence during the Gilded regardbouddhiste.com success began with the shipping and railroad empires of Cornelius Vanderbilt, and the family expanded into various other areas of industry and regardbouddhiste.comius Vanderbilt's descendants went on to build grand mansions on Fifth Avenue in New York City, luxurious "summer cottages.