Values, beliefs and attitudes Learning: The process of developing automatic responses to a type of situation built up through repeated exposure to it.
Behavioral or conative component: This model is known as the ABC model of attitudes. One of the underlying assumptions about the link between attitudes and behavior is that of consistency. This means that we often or usually expect the behavior of a person to be consistent with the attitudes that they hold.
This is called the principle of consistency. Whilst this principle may be a sound one, it is clear that people do not always follow it, sometimes behaving in seemingly quite illogical ways; for example, smoking cigarettes and knowing that smoking causes lung cancer and heart disease.
There is evidence that the cognitive and affective components of behavior do not always match with behavior. This is shown in a study by LaPiere Attitude Strength The strength with which an attitude is held is often a good predictor of behavior.
The stronger the attitude the more likely it should affect behavior. If an attitude has a high self-interest for a person i. As a consequence, the attitude will have a very strong influence upon a person's behavior.
By contrast, an attitude will not be important to a person if it does not relate in any way to their life. The knowledge aspect of attitude strength covers how much a person knows about the attitude object.
People are generally more knowledgeable about topics that interest them and are likely to hold strong attitudes positive or negative as a consequence. Attitudes based on direct experience are more strongly held and influence behavior more than attitudes formed indirectly for example, through hear-say, reading or watching television.
The Function of Attitudes Attitudes can serve functions for the individual. Daniel Katz outlines four functional areas: Knowledge Attitudes provide meaning knowledge for life. The knowledge function refers to our need for a world which is consistent and relatively stable.
This allows us to predict what is likely to happen, and so gives us a sense of control. Attitudes can help us organize and structure our experience. For example, knowing that a person is religious we can predict they will go to Church. Self-expression of attitudes can be non-verbal too: Therefore, our attitudes are part of our identify, and help us to be aware through the expression of our feelings, beliefs and values.
For example, when people flatter their bosses or instructors and believe it or keep silent if they think an attitude is unpopular. Again, expression can be nonverbal [think politician kissing baby].
Attitudes then, are to do with being apart of a social group and the adaptive functions helps us fit in with a social group. People seek out others who share their attitudes, and develop similar attitudes to those they like.While attitude involves mind's predisposition to certain ideas, values, people, systems, institutions; behaviour relates to the actual expression of feelings, action or inaction orally or/and.
You are here: Home / Change Attitudes and Behavior / Pride vs. Humility / Pride: It’s All About Me If you are conceited, vain, or self-righteous, you probably want others to know how great you are. There are different ways you can do that. Implicit vs. Explicit Attitudes, Biases, and Stereotypes The Science of Research on Implicit Attitude Nonverbal Behavior Implications for Health Disparities Physician’s Attitudes Physician’s Decisions Physician-Patient Interaction.
Mar 01, · The goal of this study was to determine whether civic knowledge, civic attitudes, and civic behaviors are associated with future civic engagement among adolescents, as measured by self-reported likelihood of future voting.
For the most part, it's better to think of implicit attitudes as being better predictors of less controlled behavior, like behavior we don't have the energy, time, or motivation to control. Learn term:prejudice discrimination = attitude vs. behaviors with free interactive flashcards.
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