An examination of the moral issues behind keeping promises

It involves giving each other words that must be followed given any certain circumstance.

An examination of the moral issues behind keeping promises

Leading 20th century proponent of Kantianism: Professor Elizabeth Anscombe Kant, unlike Mill, believed that certain types of actions including murder, theft, and lying were absolutely prohibited, even in cases where the action would bring about more happiness than the alternative.

For Kantians, there are two questions that we must ask ourselves whenever we decide to act: If the answer is no, then we must not perform the action. Again, if the answer is no, then we must not perform the action.

Kant believed that these questions were equivalent.

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Kant believed that there was a supreme principle of morality, and he referred to it as The Categorical Imperative. The CI determines what our moral duties are. What does it mean for one's duty to be determined by the categorical imperative?

What is an imperative? An imperative is a command. So, "Pay your taxes!

An examination of the moral issues behind keeping promises

Another example, your father says, "if you are hungry, then go eat something! What is the connection between morality and categorical imperatives?

Morality must be based on the categorical imperative because morality is such that you are commanded by it, and is such that you cannot opt out of it or claim that it does not apply to you.

How does the categorical imperative work? The categorical imperative has three different formulations. That is to say, there are three different ways of saying what it is. Kant claims that all three do in fact say the same thing, but it is currently disputed whether this is true.

The second formulation is the easiest to understand, but the first one is most clearly a categorical imperative. Here is the first formulation. A maxim is the rule or principle on which you act. For example, I might make it my maxim to give at least as much to charity each year as I spend on eating out, or I might make it my maxim only to do what will benefit some member of my family.

The command states, crudely, that you are not allowed to do anything yourself that you would not be willing to allow everyone else to do as well.No 2.

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An examination of the moral issues behind keeping promises

both. 10 Ethical Issues for Fraud Examiners Reasonable Basis for Conclusions Reached You exhibit justice when you establish a reasonable basis for any conclusions reached during an examination. Such conclusions should be deduced based on exculpatory and other facts that appear throughout the course of your document review, examination, and testing.

So it really comes down to a balance between how important it is to you to keep promises, how much damage breaking the promise will do to Moonlight, exactly how sure you are that the promise was made maliciously, and what the benefit is to you regardless (in terms of quality of life).

Ethics or moral philosophy is a branch of philosophy A rule like promise-keeping is established by looking at the consequences of a world in which people break promises at will and a world in which promises are binding.

in general, are more comfortable with dichotomies (two opposites).

However, in ethics, the issues are most often. Deontological Ethics There are two major ethics theories that attempt to specify and justify moral rules and principles: utilitarianism and deontological ethics.

Utilitarianism (also called consequentialism) is a moral theory developed and refined in the modern world in the writings of Jeremy Bentham () and John Stuart Mill (). Moral Issues Behind Keeping Promises Essay, Research Paper The Moral Issues behind Keeping Promises Almost every relationship between two people involves the making of promises to each other.

It involves giving each other words that must be followed given any certain circumstance.

Ethics Theories: Utilitarianism Vs. Deontological Ethics - Christian Research Institute